The ASEAN is once again at the forefront of a super power rivalry, this time between the US and China with the South China Sea as its setting. Against the increasing security dilemma in the South China Sea and threat of great power rivalry, a change in the characterization
of the region’s security outlook from an essentially military definition to comprehensive security is necessary. This refers to interdependence and cooperation in economic development,
scientific research, and a general enhancement of human interactions. The establishment of an ASEAN-led maritime regime against piracy could initiate the foundation for a resolution to the
South China Sea disputes and encourage cooperation and foster understanding in Sino-US rivalry in the region.