Sandra Ataíde Lobo

Published Date: Mar 31, 2022 | Accepted Date: Mar 31, 2022 | Submitted Date: Mar 31, 2022


The present study articulates the approach to Vimala Devi’s intellectual biography between late 1950s until early 1970s with a look at her writings about Goa (1962-1971) as a cycle of cultural intervention on the coeval debate about Portuguese colonialism and Goan identity. A debate that was running both in Portugal and Goa, having narratives about Goa, Goan literature and print histories played a crucial role. Analysing such activity may not ignore the conditioning of writing and publishing under Salazar’s dictatorship, the possibilities for differentiated positioning within the regime, and the limits to dissent. Nor may it ignore how Portuguese opposition related with the country’s colonial past and present. Such perception is important to approach the relation of Vimala Devi and Manuel de Seabra (her husband and partner) with Lusotropicalism in the face of the couple’s distancing from Salazarism and the dictator’s own use of Freire. Relevant to this journey was her condition as a Migrant Goan woman writer and researcher, the position from which she looked at Goa, performed her work, and published. Among her first books, Monsoon stands for the multiple and even conflictual readings that its stories open to. Here, the stories are revisited to discuss the fixing of identities, relations between tradition and modernity, and the possibility of a Lusotropicalist stand. Thereafter, the study moves to the building up of the influential Literatura Indo-Portuguesa published by the couple in 1971, where Freire is a fundamental reference. The dossier found at the Portuguese funding agency reinforces Devi’s crucial role throughout the research and maturation of the project. Not the least also, it allows to highlight Devi’s marginality in face of the post-1961 Goan community in Portugal, and how she achieved the collective involvement of her homeland’s postcolonial intellectual milieu in the outcome of the book.


Case of Goa, Cultural resistance, Goan Literature, Indo-Portuguese Literature, Literature and politics of identity, Lusotropicalism, Portuguese Colonialism

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Kritika Kultura
Department of English
School of Humanities
Ateneo de Manila University

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International Board of Editors

Jan Baetens
Faculty of Arts
Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven (Belgium)

Joel David
Professor of Cultural Studies
Inha University (South Korea)

Michael Denning
Professor of American Studies and English
Department of English
Yale University (US)

Faculty of Cultural Sciences
Universitas Gadjah Mada (Indonesia)

Regenia Gagnier
Professor of English
University of Exeter (UK)

Leela Gandhi
John Hawkes Professor of the Humanities and English
Brown University (US)

Inderpal Grewal
Professor of Women's Gender and Sexuality Studies
Professor of South Asian Studies, Ethnicity, Race and Migration Studies
Yale University (US)

Peter Horn
Professor Emeritus and Honorary Lifetime Fellow
University of Cape Town (South Africa)
Honorary Professor and Research Associate in German Studies
University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa)

Anette Horn
Professor of German Studies
University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa)

David Lloyd
Distinguished Professor of English
University of California, Riverside (US)

Bienvenido Lumbera
National Artist for Literature
Professor Emeritus
University of the Philippines

Rajeev S. Patke
Director of the Division of Humanities
Professor of Humanities
Yale NUS College (Singapore)

Vicente L. Rafael
Giovanni and Amne Costigan Endowed Professor of History
University of Washington (US)

Vaidehi Ramanathan
Department of Linguistics
University of California, Davis (US)

Temario Rivera
Professorial Lecturer
Department of Political Science
University of the Philippines

E. San Juan, Jr.
Philippines Studies Center (US)

Neferti X.M. Tadiar
Professor of Women’s, Gender, & Sexuality Studies
Barnard College (US)
Director of the Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race
Columbia University (US)

Antony Tatlow
Honorary Professor of Drama
Trinity College Dublin (Ireland)