Quiapo is a well-known Catholic pilgrimage site to honor the Black Nazarene. Unknown to many Filipinos, Quiapo, a district of Manila, is also a hub for Muslim culture. While the Muslim population in the Philippines was afflicted by a history of conflict and violence, what is remarkable in Quiapo is how Muslims and Catholics have come together to establish bonds of friendship over food. During the festival of the Black Nazarene, Catholics share food with everyone including Muslims. At the same time, Muslims participate in this festival through sharing space and peddling halal food to the Catholic participants. This ethnohistorical study focuses on the Maranao-Muslim community and their food culture. It examines how the association of people to food can advance interreligious understanding. Moreover, it explores the Pagana, a banquet showcasing the traditional Maranao recipes and how it can be reenacted or replicated to understand the connection of food in a reimagined space where people are sitting down and eating together. The discussion hopes to show how food and commensality can be a medium to mitigate differences and tensions and create spaces for peace and harmony. This analytical step is consistent with the presupposition of this study, that food culture is an alternative framework in interreligious study and policy-making process in the Philippines.


Interreligious Study, Manila, Maranao-Muslim, Pagana, Quiapo

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Kritika Kultura
Department of English
School of Humanities
Ateneo de Manila University

The Philippine Commission on Higher Education (CHED) declares Kritika Kultura as a CHED-recognized journal under the Journal Challenge Category of its Journal Incentive Program.

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Jan Baetens
Faculty of Arts
Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven (Belgium)

Joel David
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Inha University (South Korea)

Michael Denning
Professor of American Studies and English
Department of English
Yale University (US)

Faculty of Cultural Sciences
Universitas Gadjah Mada (Indonesia)

Regenia Gagnier
Professor of English
University of Exeter (UK)

Leela Gandhi
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Brown University (US)

Inderpal Grewal
Professor of Women's Gender and Sexuality Studies
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Yale University (US)

Peter Horn
Professor Emeritus and Honorary Lifetime Fellow
University of Cape Town (South Africa)
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University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa)

Anette Horn
Professor of German Studies
University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa)

David Lloyd
Distinguished Professor of English
University of California, Riverside (US)

Bienvenido Lumbera
National Artist for Literature
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University of the Philippines

Rajeev S. Patke
Director of the Division of Humanities
Professor of Humanities
Yale NUS College (Singapore)

Vicente L. Rafael
Giovanni and Amne Costigan Endowed Professor of History
University of Washington (US)

Vaidehi Ramanathan
Department of Linguistics
University of California, Davis (US)

Temario Rivera
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Department of Political Science
University of the Philippines

E. San Juan, Jr.
Philippines Studies Center (US)

Neferti X.M. Tadiar
Professor of Women’s, Gender, & Sexuality Studies
Barnard College (US)
Director of the Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race
Columbia University (US)

Antony Tatlow
Honorary Professor of Drama
Trinity College Dublin (Ireland)