This paper explores the complexities of the contested political terrain in Malaysia that
abounds in multiple faultlines within Peninsular Malaysia and between East and Peninsular
Malaysia. The resultant rupture occasioned by the Allah controversy shored up the intricate
interplay and asymmetrical relations between the dominant ‘fictitious self’ and subjugated
‘fragmented self’ of the minority ethnic and religious communities. Such rupture
calls for a reconciliatory praxis by which the ‘subjugated and dominant self’ concertedly
work towards restorative and structure justice instead of the pretentious simulationof a
fictitious unity under 1Malaysia. Amidst the political upheavals, the Christians of the fragmented
indigenous communities constantly negotiate their hybridized or multiple identities
embedded in their crossed religiocultural traditions. By “traditioning,” the indigenous
traditions embrace the diverse religious and local traditions through ‘multiple participation’
while their multiple identitiesremainstaunchly grounded in the Christian faith.


Assymmetric Plurality, Crossed Tradition, “Fictitious Self,” Hybridized Identities, Subjugated “Fragmented Self, ” Subjugated Reconciliatory Praxis, “Traditioning”

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Kritika Kultura
Department of English
School of Humanities
Ateneo de Manila University

The Philippine Commission on Higher Education (CHED) declares Kritika Kultura as a CHED-recognized journal under the Journal Challenge Category of its Journal Incentive Program.

International Board of Editors

Jan Baetens
Faculty of Arts
Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven (Belgium)

Joel David
Professor of Cultural Studies
Inha University (South Korea)

Michael Denning
Professor of American Studies and English
Department of English
Yale University (US)

Faculty of Cultural Sciences
Universitas Gadjah Mada (Indonesia)

Regenia Gagnier
Professor of English
University of Exeter (UK)

Leela Gandhi
John Hawkes Professor of the Humanities and English
Brown University (US)

Inderpal Grewal
Professor of Women's Gender and Sexuality Studies
Professor of South Asian Studies, Ethnicity, Race and Migration Studies
Yale University (US)

Peter Horn
Professor Emeritus and Honorary Lifetime Fellow
University of Cape Town (South Africa)
Honorary Professor and Research Associate in German Studies
University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa)

Anette Horn
Professor of German Studies
University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa)

David Lloyd
Distinguished Professor of English
University of California, Riverside (US)

Bienvenido Lumbera
National Artist for Literature
Professor Emeritus
University of the Philippines

Rajeev S. Patke
Director of the Division of Humanities
Professor of Humanities
Yale NUS College (Singapore)

Vicente L. Rafael
Giovanni and Amne Costigan Endowed Professor of History
University of Washington (US)

Vaidehi Ramanathan
Department of Linguistics
University of California, Davis (US)

Temario Rivera
Professorial Lecturer
Department of Political Science
University of the Philippines

E. San Juan, Jr.
Philippines Studies Center (US)

Neferti X.M. Tadiar
Professor of Women’s, Gender, & Sexuality Studies
Barnard College (US)
Director of the Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race
Columbia University (US)

Antony Tatlow
Honorary Professor of Drama
Trinity College Dublin (Ireland)