Ilustraxon: Semyotika sa Pahina at sa Piraso ng Komix

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/

Abstract

The paper proposes the term “ilustraxon” to describe the operation of meaning-making in “komix.” In deriving the “x” from WJT Mitchell’s “image x text” (2012) and coining a new concept, the ilustraxon called komix works as sublation or synthesis of “ilustracion” and “ilustrasyon.” Two works of komix that pictured the well-known scene toward the end of Jose Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere (1887), with Padre Damaso and Maria Clara’s conversation, were read using semiotic analysis: three pages from Nakalarawang Noli Me Tangere (Illustrated Noli Me Tangere) (1956) arranged by Clodualdo del Mundo and Pedrito Reyes and illustrated by Ric Collado, and three panels from the strip “Clara, Join the Dark Side of the Force” (2014) by Emiliana Kampilan were compared and studied through Alice Guillermo’s planes of semiotic analysis (2001). The first work is a key text because it is arguably one of the earliest komiks adaptations of an essential work on Philippine nationalism and the latter because it is a contemporary and intertextual appropriation of Rizal’s writing. In conclusion, the similiarities of ilustraxon with Charles Sanders Peirce’s dialogical sign—composed of the representamen, the interpretant, and the semiotic object—is elaborated. The paper ends with suggestions and notes that might contribute to the disciplines of translation studies and comics studies toward further studies or analyses of komix adaptations.


Keywords

Dead Balagtas, Komiks, Nationalism, Noli Me Tangere, Semiotics, Rizal

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Kritika Kultura
Department of English
School of Humanities
Ateneo de Manila University

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Jan Baetens
Professor
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Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven (Belgium)

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Inha University (South Korea)

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Yale University (US)

Faruk
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Universitas Gadjah Mada (Indonesia)

Regenia Gagnier
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Leela Gandhi
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Inderpal Grewal
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Peter Horn
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University of Cape Town (South Africa)
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University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa)

Anette Horn
Professor of German Studies
University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa)

David Lloyd
Distinguished Professor of English
University of California, Riverside (US)

Bienvenido Lumbera
National Artist for Literature
Professor Emeritus
University of the Philippines

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Director of the Division of Humanities
Professor of Humanities
Yale NUS College (Singapore)

Vicente L. Rafael
Giovanni and Amne Costigan Endowed Professor of History
University of Washington (US)

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Department of Linguistics
University of California, Davis (US)

Temario Rivera
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Department of Political Science
University of the Philippines

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Philippines Studies Center (US)

Neferti X.M. Tadiar
Professor of Women’s, Gender, & Sexuality Studies
Barnard College (US)
Director of the Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race
Columbia University (US)

Antony Tatlow
Honorary Professor of Drama
Trinity College Dublin (Ireland)